When is translation used?
When we want a word or text that is written in one language to be translated into another language we translate it. The word translation derives from the Latin word “traducere”, which means “to lead across”.
Oral and written translation
Basically, there are two types of translation – oral translation, also known as interpreting (translating words as you hear them – “on the fly”) and written translation (translating words and writing them down on a piece of paper or electronic document).
The difference between the two is that oral translation must be performed instantly whereas written translation is a slower process and is usually more accurate.
Translating can be lot of fun but is also a very difficult task. You can translate several things; books, movies (making subtitles for example), poetry, a diploma, various documents and so on. A career in translation is definitely a prospective one.
Translating sentences versus translating words
Translating of words that are in no context can be difficult. Translating whole sentences is always an easier task. General translations are the simplest – for example translation of the word “car” in English to a word “auto” in German. This translation is the simplest and does not require any special knowledge.
Professional translation of various professional fields such as law, medicine, economics, etc. is much more complicated. One of the most difficult tasks when it comes to translation is definitely translation of poetry and literature (books, poetry, etc.).
A person who professionally translates is called a translator or interpreter. In early 20th century there were first cases of people getting employed as translators although translators existed way before.
If you need professional translation then I suggest you visit Profischnell, which is a translation and interpreting agency in Germany. They do all kinds of translations – even certified and technical translations. If you need to translate your diploma from German to English I suggest you use their services.
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I think given the extraordinary opportunity to study abroad, very few students would turn it down. The bottom line is always: MONEY. So many kids want to move far away to go to college, and they don’t fear that experience at all. They are very independent, but if you don’t have the funds to fly back and forth for holidays, or to afford to study in another country, you are at a disadvantage.
With the ever increasing student debt loans, perhaps this country should stop sending billions in aid to countries that don’t appreciate our help, and start investing in our own citizens by giving that money to students who clearly love learning and would jump at the chance to go overseas, explore other cultures and be better equipped and more competitive in the job market. The rich always have the advantage and through no fault of their own, the less fortunate lose out. No matter how many jobs you hold to pay tuition, the added burden of a semester or summer abroad breaks not only your back but your bank.
below are some comments on this post.
I feel that your argument disregards any student that goes to a large public university, seeing as not one was even mentioned. As an honors student at the University of Georgia, I have had classes with many residents of the state of Georgia but at the same time there are many students not from Georgia or its bordering states and I know other large public university are the same.
UGA is also consistently ranked very high for our study abroad opportunities. Personally I have been able to participate in a program in Buenos Aires, Argentina and I have multiple friends go to programs in countries such as Ghana, Peru, Tanzania and others all across the globe on every continent including Antarctica.
As Zach said, way to disregard all public universities. Another factor that should be mentioned is some schools require studying abroad. I go to Western Michigan University and we are essentially across the street from Kalamazoo College. It is a requirement for all but a handful of majors to study abroad there; and of course if one can afford $45,000 a year tuition, studying abroad should not be an issue. In Michigan some of the most active study abroad programs are my university, Michigan State and University of Michigan. (where the student bodies are 10 times that of some of these private institutions).
With respect to Nick Gozik’s comment about the conceivability factor, I think we need to be careful about how we consider less privileged backgrounds. While certainly conceivability is related to sociocultural disparities, modern research (for example Mark Salisbury’s paper “Going Global”) trumps the old world thinking that demographics are the leading indicators for intent to study abroad.
In fact the truth is closer to what Joseph Brockington adds to Michael’s piece, that the level of cultural capital fostered at home is more closely correlated with the choice to go abroad.
I work at a large study abroad program provider and try to steep myself in this sort of stuff. In my experience the most successful framework to view the connection considers 1) sociocultural capital, 2) campus context and 3) curricular context. When the stars align on these three factors (and let’s say even for underprivileged or unconventional demographics) even the most challenged students make it abroad. We’ve seen a lot of success with community colleges, historically black institutions and see a lot of potential with first-year students for these reasons.
I’d challenge all our peers in the study abroad community to look beyond demographics and consider that with the right investments in student sociocultural capital you can get a lot of results with underrepresented groups.
Money is certainly a major limiting factor at every stage — it keeps kids at the local college, or in-state, or prevents travel abroad. And prior experience I suspect is the other huge factor: If you’ve lived away at summer camp, going to a residential college is easier; if a student from Utica has spent time in New York City, London probably doesn’t seem so daunting.
The important benefits of “study abroad” in any sense come from the challenge any particular student faces at “the next level,” whatever it is for that student. For some, it might mean a field trip to the local museum; for others, living in a Cambodian village.
Mind-blowing statistic: only 16% of students go to college outside their home or a contiguous state.
And don’t believe the notion that it’s all explained by money. I know counselors who struggle to get people to leave California on full-ride (or close to it) scholarships.
College is supposed to expand your mind. Why handicap it living at, or too close to, home?
I don’t think there’s anything wrong with attending college in your home state. In fact it often makes a lot of financial sense. I attended a state school and got in-state tuition and some financial aid (easier to get for in-state students at my university). Honestly, I probably wouldn’t have gotten into a similarly ranked public (top 5) as an out-of-state applicant. Also I would have paid 3x as much for my education and would have likely graduated with student loan debt instead of being debt free.
You say, “College is supposed to expand your mind. Why handicap it living at, or too close to, home?” There are a variety of reasons why people choose to go to college in their home state. For some people, it is indeed financial. Other students, particularly those with disabilities, benefit from attending college that is geographically close to where they grew up. Due to my ADHD and anxiety; I struggle with transitions in general, and adjusting to freshman year in college is one of the biggest transitions ever. Simply living away from home was a bigger deal for me than it was for my more “typical” peers; and I liked the security of knowing I could go home whenever I wanted. That is why I attended a college half an hour away from my parents’ house.
Once I got over the initial transition; I was able to thrive at my college, did very well academically, made many wonderful friends, and was challenged to grow in many ways.
I had the opportunity to study abroad, but chose not to.
After hearing the stories about other student’s experiences abroad, I determined that four months in Europe sounded fun but not worth the stress of going through two major transitions in such a short time (the first when adjusting to a new country, and the second when returning to America).
Plus, I felt that I would get overwhelmed in a foreign country on my own; particularly one where I would not have the protection of the Americans with Disabilities Act.
I chose instead to stay at my college and concentrate on strengthening the friendships and attachments I had made on campus. I told myself that Europe would still be there after I graduated, but I only had one chance to be a college student.
Today, part of me regrets not taking advantage of the opportunity to study abroad (especially since I still haven’t made it to Europe) but I know I wasn’t ready at the time and I believe I made the right decision. So keep in mind that all students have different needs and that the “right” decision for you might not necessarily be the “right” decision for someone else. There’s no shame in attending a college close to home.
Teaching was the career for me from an early age. It was always a job that I thought I could enjoy whilst paying the bills as well.
The only thing though, was that to be a teacher I had to get into university! I tried to apply so that I could go straight in after university, but didn’t quite get the grades. I was distraught. I’d built myself up so much and felt that my career choice might not lead me anywhere.
That’s when I heard about TEFL, which is teaching English as a foreign language for those that don’t know. This was a qualification you could get by taking a course that would allow you to teach English abroad, so I thought this would be a great way of doing something different instead of going into work – and hey, it lets me teach and that’s what I always wanted to do.
I booked my TEFL course with TEFL England (now part of TEFL Org UK) and it started off with a weekend course in a “classroom” – held in a hotel in Leeds, close to where I lived.
I was actually surprised how much fun it was, as I discovered the tricks of the trade and how to teach people when they don’t speak your language. The tutor was really enthusiastic and had some great stories about their time teaching in Spain. We even got to practice teaching, which was fun.
There was online learning along with the weekend course which went into much more detail about teaching, and covered more of the theory side. It was okay too, as I could work on it for an hour or two a day as and when I pleased, which was nice. I had my own tutor on the online course too, who is actually living in Spain after teaching there for a while!
After completing my course, I thought I’d follow in my tutor’s footsteps and apply for jobs teaching in Spain. I was able to apply for jobs there even without a degree because we are part of the EU. It was around February time or so that I started applying, and I managed to get myself a job over the summer at an activity camp just outside of Malaga.
It was one of the best things that I’ve ever done, as I had a great time teaching the younger kids, taking part in activities like rafting, camping etc., and meeting other teachers that were fun to be around. It was much better than a normal holiday, and much better than a normal job too I suppose!
When I got back I wasn’t really done with teaching, and thought that after my experiences in Spain I thought that maybe that might count for something if I applied for university. I went back around the UCAS mill and this time I managed to get in after an interview!
So I’m just gearing up now to go into my teaching degree and really looking forward to going to uni. I don’t think I’d have ever managed to realize my dreams of being a teacher without taking my TEFL course, and I think that it’s a great option for anyone who was in the same boat as me.
Then it is time for you to get to know the newest trends when it comes to writing a modern-like CV.
The CV you are sending to your potential employer will have to compete with others CVs – documents that are most probably graphically and content-wise very appealing. If you want the HR manager to even notice your CV, then you must write it in a way that will immediately grab the interest of the reader. Otherwise, your CV will not get noticed and will soon after being read roam to the bin. Your dreams of getting a good job will be shattered in an instant.
So, what should you consider before you starting composing a modern CV? Years and years ago job applications looked very formal, almost like some kinf of an official file. Today this is no longer the case. CV’s are much less formalized and it’s the modern technology that sets the limits to your creativity.
Many CVs today are written in eye-appealing colors, pictures and infographic are often used to represent dull data about yourself (for example where were you born, where did you go to school etc). An interesting headshot of yourself is important, too so the employer can see who is behind the letters. In fact, modern headshots are essential to your success!
Video CV’s are not that uncommon nowadays. In video CV the candidate presents him or herself to the employer with the help of a video clip. Some applications are real work of art. This is done with one purpose only – to overshadow the competition and thus increase the potential chances of getting a good job.
You can follow trends too and need no special technical knowledge to come up with an outstanding CV. There are many on-line companies that will offer you their service of composing a CV for you. And what’s best – most of these companies will not charge you a fortune for such service.
Remember – always try to think like an employer when trying to putting together a CV. Would you prefer a dull CV or would you prefer to see an interesting CV for which much creativity was needed and a lot of effort was put into?